Simple file archiver in Python Part 3:Unarchiving

Today, I will show you how to unarchive the archive file that I programmed in the previous post.

First, I want to load my archive file into a byte array.

def unarchive(file_name):
    with open(file_name,"rb") as f:
        f_buf =
        for bt in f_buf:
    arc_size = len(arc_buf)

To make the unarchiving algorithm, I need to make some arrays to store the data I get by unarchiving.

    file_names = []
    fn_buf = ""
    file_contents = []
    fc_buf = bytearray()

Now I can start the algorithm:

    #0 = look for new file
    #1 = look for file name
    #2 = read file name and look for file content
    #3 = read file content and look for new file   
    mode = 0
    i = 0

So, I want to read signatures from the buffer and write some data to arrays.

    while i < arc_size:
        if mode == 0:
            #Clean nfb_cmp    
            nfb_cmp = []
            #Read 5 bytes from arc_buf and add to nfb_cmp
            for bt in arc_buf[i:i+5]:
            if nfb_cmp == new_file_bytes
                i +=4 #move pointer after signature
                #Why not +5?Beacuse we have +1 in the bottom of the loop
                #and becuse we have elif instead of if, next mode will be executed 
                #in next iteration
                mode = 1
        elif mode == 1:
            fnb_cmp = []
            for bt in arc_buf[i:i+5]:
            if fnb_cmp == file_name_bytes:
                i +=4
                mode = 2
        elif mode == 2:
            fcb_cmp = []
            for bt in arc_buf[i:i+5]:
            if fcb_cmp == file_content_bytes:
                fn_buf = ""
                i +=4
                mode = 3
            else:fn_buf += chr(arc_buf[i])
        elif mode == 3:
            nfb_cmp = []
            for bt in arc_buf[i:i+5]:
            if nfb_cmp == new_file_bytes:
                fc_buf = bytearray()
                i +=4
                mode = 1
        i +=1
    #Because we don't use end file signature, we have to manually append file 
    #content buffer after loop

Finally, I can save data to files.

    i = 0
    while i < len(file_names):
        with open(file_names[i],"wb") as f:
        i += 1


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